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Basic knowledge of camping

Basic knowledge of camping

In most cases, your best bedroom ceiling is the open night sky. This is the most natural way to spend the night, saving weight, time, experience and money. ————Colin Fletcher "The Complete Guide for Hikers"

Camping in the wild is necessary in most of time. The required campsite depends on the terrain, the season and the level of comfort pursued. Common camping methods include camping bags, canopies and tents, and the protection they can provide increases in order. How can we camp safely in the wild?



  1. Tents

  The function of the tent is to shield the wind and rain and provide a place for temporary rest. Therefore, choose a double-layer tent with a stable structure, windproof and rainproof as far as possible. In addition, the lighter weight of the tent with the same functions, the higher the price. Choose tents with actual situation of the individual.


  1. Sleeping bag

According to the specific situation of the campsite, select the corresponding temperature standard. Down sleeping bags are light and have good warmth, but they must be kept dry. When the environmental conditions are relatively humid, artificial vacuum cotton sleeping bags may be a better choice.

    3.Moisture-proof pad

   The simplest is foamed moisture-proof pad, aluminum film, wear-resistant layer,         wave type optional. When choosing, you should also consider the shape of the   cushion. Washboard type, honeycomb type and other grooved cushions are better.

    4.Cooking utensils

   An important part of camping is to cook by yourself, so cooking utensils are essential. In order to prevent the electronic ignition of the cooker from failing to ignite, you can bring a flint with you. If not, a lighter or a match will work.


  1. Other else

   If there is a hiking plan, trekking poles and headlights are also essential. Of course, necessary supplies such as maps and compasses must also be brought. Carrying binoculars, multi-function knives, etc., can have more fun in the field.



Camp location selection


  1. Close to Water Source

The campsite should choose a place close to the water source, which can not only ensure the water used for cooking, but also provide water for washing. If the campsite is far away from the water source, it will bring a lot of inconvenience and even danger to the camp. But in the deep mountains and dense forests, wild animals will be encountered close to the water source, so be careful.


  1. Topographic safety

Carefully investigate the terrain. Do not have rolling rocks, rolling logs, and weathered rocks above the camp. Once you find signs of scattered rocks nearby, you must stop to set up tents, especially the closer the rock wall is, the more attention should be paid to avoid it Set up camp in a concave place. If you find a rolling stone, you should shout loudly and inform your colleagues.

Don't camp in mudslide-prone areas. Many stones have been traces of soil wrapped, which is the main symbol of identification landslides. Do not choose the campsite too close to the mudslide channel.

Do not camp on beaches, riverbeds, streams and valleys during the rainy season to prevent being washed away by sudden floods.

Do not camp on the top of a mountain or open area during a thunderstorm to avoid lightning strikes.


  1. Flat Ground

The ground of the camp is flat, and there should be no trees, grass roots, sharp stones and debris, and no bumps or slopes. This will damage the equipment or stab people, and will also affect the quality of rest of the personnel.


  1. Adequate Sunshine

The campsite should be chosen as long as possible in a place where the sunshine time is longer, so that the campsite will be warmer, dry, and clean, so that it is easy to dry clothes, items and equipment.


  1. Prevent insects and beasts

When setting up a camp, carefully observe whether there are beast footprints, dung and nests around the camp. Do not build in areas that have many snakes to prevent injury or damage to equipment and facilities. There must be anti-mosquito, insect, scorpion medicines and protective measures.



  1. Leeward

   The wind will quickly take away the heat from the human body, make people cold, and even cause diseases. At the same time, the strong wind will sweep away the tent, at least it will disturb the rest of staff, and it will be more difficult to cook. It is best to be on the leeward side of small hills, between forests or clearings near forests, caves, sides of ridges, etc.






  1. Flora and fauna

Every wild animal is potentially dangerous. No matter what kind or size of wild animals, do not approach or feed them. Keep a safe viewing distance at all times.

Outdoors, especially on the side of roads and camping grounds, stinging insects appear from time to time. Bring some insect repellent and avoid using insect-repellent perfume.


  1. Weather

   Never underestimate the influence of the weather. Whether its daytime excursion, hiking, or camping. Check the weather forecast of your destination before you travel .This will help to plan-prepare for changes in the weather, especially in mountainous areas where the weather changes quickly or the water is nearby.

Please always pay attention to sun protection. Bring a hat and sunglasses, and choose a sunscreen that suits you to cover sun-exposed skin (including ears). Wearing long pants and long-sleeved clothes can help you avoid sunburn. If you are camping at high altitudes, exploring in the water or snow, please remember that the sunlight in these environments is strong and requires special attention.

Protect yourself from lightning strikes. When a storm strikes, make sure the situation about weather forecast and be prepared before the storm strikes.


  1. Driving

Be sure to comply with the speed limit.

Watch out for cyclists.

Watch out for wild animals.


  1. Drinking Water

Outdoor activities, especially in a hot weather, drinking plenty of water is very important. Make sure to drink water from a reliable source, such as drinking water in the camp. Although the water in creeks, rivers and lakes is usually clear and seems to be quotable, it may contain bacteria or parasites that are harmful to humans.


  1. Safe use of fire in the wild

Be cautious when using fire in the wild, try to cook with cooking utensils, and make fire only in designated areas.

Try not to cut down trees to make fires in the wild, use cooking utensils instead, wear enough warm clothes at night, use a tent, use a good sleeping bag, and keep it dry and warm.

If you want to light a fire, you must first confirm whether it is legal and whether is possible to cause a fire.


  1. Keep the natural appearance

When leaving the camp, restore it to its original appearance as much as possible,such as returning the moved stones to their original places.

Avoid destroying trees and other plants that are growing.

Do not take away any items as a souvenir.

Take away rubbish and protect nature.

Thanks for reading!

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